Polotsk State University

 

POLOTSK STATE UNIVERSITY

FOR FOREIGN CITIZENS

THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

The Republic of BelarusOfficial name

Republic of Belarus.

State system

Presidental republic.

President

Alexander Lukashenko (1994 – present).

Neighbouring Countries

Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia.

Total land area

207,6 km2 (84th place in the world).

Population

9 498,4 people (93rd place in the world).

Capital

Minsk – 1. 959,8 million inhabitants.

Flora and fauna of the Republic of Belarus

Regional centres

Brest region – Brest.

Grodno region – Grodno.

Vitebsk region – Vitebsk.

Minsk region – Minsk.

Gomel region – Gomel.

Mogilev – Mogilev.

Ethnicity

Belarusian – 83,7%,

Russian – 8,3%,

Polish – 3,1%,

Ukrainian – 1,7%,

Others – 3,2%.

Official languages

Belarusian, Russian.

National holidays and memorable dates when all offices are closed

  • 1 January – New Year.
  • 7 January – Orthodox Christmas.
  • 8 March – Women’s day.
  • 9th day after Orthodox Easter – Radonitsa.
  • 1 May – Labour Day.
  • 9 May – Victory Day.
  • 3 July – Independence Day.
  • 7 November – October Revolution Day.
  • 25 December – Catholic Christmas.

National currency

Belarusian rubles (BYN) is not a fully convertible currency that’s why you won’t be able to get any before you arrive in the country.

There are a lot of exchange offices in all cities in Belarus. They are often situated at hotels, airports, railway stations, bus depots, main streets. You can also exchange money at most banks. There are many ATM machines where you can withdraw money.

The most commonly accepted currencies at exchange offices and banks are: US dollars, euro, Russian rubles.

Pay attention that Belarusian ruble is the only currency that can be used in calculations. Payment of goods and services in other currencies is illegal!

Plastic bank cards are widely used in shops, hotels, restaurants and self-service kiosks. The most widespread international payment systems in Belarus are Visa and MasterCard.

Online payment systems are also available in Belarus.

Internet TLD

.by and .бел

Calling code

+375

Time zone

Belarus is in the Eastern European Standard (EET) time zone. EET is 3 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+3).

Беларусь расположена в зоне восточноевропейского времени, которая на три часа опережает время по Гринвичу (GMT+3).

Climate and weather

Belarus has a moderate continental climate which forms under the influence of Atlantic air masses. It also characterized by cool humid winter and rainy warm summer, unstable weather in spring and autumn.

The average temperature in Novopolotsk is 5.4 °C. Annual rainfall is 643 мм. The droughtiest month is February with 86 mm of rainfall. July is also the warmest month. Its average temperature is +17.3 °C. The average temperature of the coldest month – Junaury – is -7.7 °C.